The bicycle represents the most used individual vehicle in Brazil, mainly in small urban centers, which means cities with less than 50 thousand inhabitants. The small centers are about 90% of all Brazilian cities, as exposed by the Ministério das Cidades in the Brazilian Bicycle Program.
In large cities, there is a change in bicycle use due to the greater number of collective transportation services and the existence of a considerably more aggressive traffic. However, the peripheral regions of large cities usually have a less efficient public transport system, generating a scenario where these peripheries are similar to medium-sized cities, thus there is a greater use of cycling in these areas, as also indicated by the Ministério das Cidades.
Brazil has an international presence in bicycle production as fourth largest producer in the world. The country produced in 2016 around 2.5 million units and has an estimated fleet of 70 million bicycles according to data from the Brazilian Association of Manufacturers of Motorcycles, Mopeds, Scooters, Bicycles and Similars (ABRACICLO). The fleet is calculated usually based on the production / sale of the bicycle in the past 7 years, which represents the average life of a bicycle. With a projected population estimated by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in 2017 of 207 million Brazilians, there is a rate of 0.338 bicycles per inhabitant.
According to data from ABRACICLO in 2016, there was a drop in the sector of bicycle production in Brazil in the order of 11.5% compared to the reference period of January to December 2015. The study was based on the analysis of the Manaus Industrial Zone. One cause may be directed linked with the economic crisis in which the country lived in 2016.
Still according to ABRACICLO, the Brazilian industrial sector increased its exports in 2016 by 27.4% compared to 2015. Most of the products was destinated to Paraguay, Bolivia and UruguayIt is expected that in 2017 total bicycle production will increase by 19% as the country begins to show signs of improvement in the economy.
The stimulus to the increase bicycle use in Brazil is explored in diverse fronts. The installation of bycicle-sharing system, spread to several cities, such as: Petrolina, Porto Leve and Recife in Pernambuco; Porto Alegre in Rio Grande do Sul; and Santos São Paulo and Sorocaba in São Paulo. The rental price and conditions may vary from city to city. The following table was obtained from the Bike system site in some regions.
The BikeRio system was implemented in October 2011 through a partnership between the municipality of Rio de Janeiro, Banco Itaú, Serttel and Luciano Hulk. The average use was of 4740 trips per day. Another observation is that only the capitals in the table above generated 5,225.73 Carbon Credits. With the expantion of the bicycle-sharing system across the coutry it is probable have an increase in bicycle use at the national level and a massive reduction in carbon emissions could happen over the years.
The Constitution and Justice Commission are analyzing the PEC 27/2015, which aims to generate tax immunity for bicycles, their parts and spare parts, when they are manufactured by the national industry. This measure has the potential expand the bicycle industry and make it cheaper by reducing the cost to the final consumer.
Brazil has a prominent position in several fields related bicycle use and production. Its industrial strength, mainly in the Southern Cone, can be of great benefit in a world that is increasingly looking for non-motorized vehicles alternatives. It can also be said that Brazil has a solid base to create a nation with a high rate of bicycle use as a mode of transportation, as strong as in European countries. However, it will be up politics creates public policies toward a future away from fossil fuel-dependent transport models.